Are you worried about the appearance of small areas of discoloration and darkening on your skin? We are sure skin pigmentation is a major skin concern that can happen to women of any age group.
Interestingly, as commonly known, hyperpigmentation is not always brought on by sun exposure. Uneven skin pigmentation (or hyperpigmentation as it is often known) is a common skin complaint. These are particularly dark spots, known as age spots or sun spots or dark patches of skin that frequently appear on the face, hands and other parts of the body.
A dedicated skin care routine that includes potential products formulated to target pigmentation should be adopted in the first place to help prevent pigmentation or reduce its appearance on the skin. After all, all skin care concerns require special attention, then why ignore this one?
Let us first understand what exactly is skin pigmentation or hyperpigmentation:
Hyperpigmentation is the name that skin care experts give to patches of skin that become darker than surrounding skin areas. It occurs when the skin produces more melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color. This can make spots or patches of skin appear darker than surrounding areas. It can happen to people of all skin types.
Hyperpigmentation appears as darkened patches or spots on the skin that make skin look uneven. The spots are known as age spots or sun spots and hyperpigmentation is also at the heart of skin conditions such as melasma and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
People with dark skin type usually are more affected by hyperpigmentation marks than those with a lighter skin tone as skin pigmentation is stronger in dark skin.
Different Types Of Skin Pigmentation:
- Pigment Spots – Age/Sun Spots
Age/sun spots are common on the face. These pigment spots such as age spots (which are also known as sun spots) are caused by sun exposure. Thus, they appear mainly on body parts that are frequently exposed, such as the face, neck, décolleté, hands and arms. They tend to be small, darkened patches of skin.
Melasma, a form of hormone-induced hyperpigmentation, is common during pregnancy. Also known as chloasma, melasma is a condition where larger patches of hyperpigmentation develop mainly on the face area.
Although it can affect both men and women, melasma is most common in women and is thought to be triggered by hormone levels changes. Melasma occurs in 10–15 percent of pregnant women and in 10–25 percent of women taking oral contraceptives. It is sometimes referred to as “the mask of pregnancy”.
- Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation
Acne sufferers commonly experience post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation occurs when a skin injury or trauma heals and leaves a flat area of discolouration behind. It is commonly found among acne sufferers and can also be caused by cosmetic procedures such as dermabrasion, laser treatment and chemical peels.
There are other factors that can cause patches of skin to become darker – such as scarring, birthmarks, solar or actinic keratoses and skin cancers – but these aren’t considered to be forms of hyperpigmentation.
What Causes Skin Pigmentation?
A number of factors can trigger an increase in melanin production, but the main ones are sun exposure, hormonal influences, age and skin injuries or inflammation.
- Sun Exposure & Hyperpigmentation
Sun exposure is the number one cause of hyperpigmentation as it is the UV rays that triggers melanin production in the first place. Melanin acts as your skin’s natural sunscreen by protecting you from harmful UV rays, which is why people tan in the sun. But excessive sun exposure can disrupt this process, often leading to hyperpigmentation.
Once dark spots have already been developed, sun exposure can also exacerbate the issue by making age spots (or sun spots), melasma and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation spots even darker.
- Hormones & Hyperpigmentation
Hormonal influences are the leading cause of a particular kind of hyperpigmentation known as melasma or chloasma. It is particularly common among women and is thought to occur when the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone stimulate the overproduction of melanin when the skin is exposed to the sun.
Hyperpigmentation can also be a side effect of specific hormone treatments.
- Hyperpigmentation & Age
As skin ages, the number of melanin-producing cells (known as melanocytes) decreases, but the remaining ones increase in size, and their distribution becomes more focused. These physiological changes explain the increase of age spots in those above 40 years of age.
- Hyperpigmentation, Skin Injuries & Inflammation
As its name suggests, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation occurs following skin injury or inflammation such as cuts, burns, chemical exposure, acne, Atopic Dermatitis or Psoriasis. Skin is left darkened and discoloured after the wound has healed.
- Hyperpigmentation, Disease & Medication
Certain illnesses and medications are known to cause hyperpigmentation.
Hyperpigmentation is also symptomatic of certain illnesses such as some autoimmune and gastrointestinal diseases, metabolic disorders and vitamin deficiencies.
It can also be triggered by certain medications such as chemotherapy drugs, antibiotics, antimalarials and anti-seizure drugs.
Ways To Reduce or Prevent Skin Pigmentation:
If you are concerned by hyperpigmentation, look out for skincare products formulated to address this concern and are proven to be effective and offer visible results.
Protect The Skin From Sun:
Using a broad-spectrum sunscreen every day can help inhibit hyperpigmentation.
Sun protection is the most significant step you can take in helping to prevent hyperpigmentation in the first place. It is essential to remember that the sun’s rays affect skin even on cloudy days, so give your skin the daily protection it needs with SPF.
Limiting skin’s exposure to the sun will also help to reduce occurrences of hyperpigmentation. Try to keep out of the sun during its most intense hours and wear protective clothing, including sun hats and glasses whenever possible. When skin is exposed to the sun, apply and regularly reapply a sun protection product:
with a suitable SPF level, which has been specially formulated for your skin type and condition.
To guard your skin against the harmful UVA/UVB rays, try Mom & World Radiant Boost Whitening & Illuminating Day Lotion with SPF 30. This lotion for daytime skincare is a concoction of the finest skin hydrating, nourishing and lightening ingredients sourced from nature. It helps in relieving skin dullness and adds radiance to the skin. This fantastic skin brightening lotion absorbs rapidly into the skin and helps keep the skin hydrated and healthy the whole day. The antioxidant property of the vitamins infused in the lotion protects your skin from the scavenging activities of free-radicals that helps to minimize environmental skin damage and reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. With SPF 30 and PA+++, this lotion shields your skin from sunburn and tanning. This novel product provides complete daylong skincare by combining moisturization with nourishment, skin lightening, and sun protection.
Use The Right Cleanser For Your Face:
Cleansing the skin is the most critical step for any skin care routine. A clean face is necessary to make your serums and moisturizers work. A harsh cleanser can be too drying and can make your skin dull. In the morning, try to go for a mild cleanser. In the night, you may want to take it a notch up with an oil-based cleanser followed by a foam-based one. While the oil-based cleanser removes all dirt and makeup from the face, the foam-based cleanser removes every residue. You are left with a squeaky clean skin at the end and your face will look cleaner.
For a clear & glowing complexion, try Mom & World Neem & Aloe Vera Foaming Face Wash. Enriched with the best natural and bioactive ingredients, this Foaming Face wash helps restore skin to a happy & healthy state by clearing it of dust, dirt, & grime. Infused with the antibacterial Neem, the Face Wash helps keep acne-causing bacteria at bay, while Aloe vera helps soothe and calm the skin & removes inflammation. The presence of Green Tea helps fight free radicals, and Ashwagandha works efficiently to reduce the early signs of aging, skin pigmentation, lines, & wrinkles.
Exfoliate! Exfoliate! Exfoliate!
Many people feel that scrubbing the face every day can help to get rid of the pigmentations. But, that can only make things worse. Try to use exfoliators twice or thrice a week. Pick physical exfoliators that do their job gently.
For a spotless & clean skin, try Mom & World Neem & Aloe Vera Face Scrub. It makes the skin smoother and face glow brighter. It helps remove dead skin cells and the gunk trapped in the pores, while getting rid of blackheads & whiteheads and restoring the skin to its purified state. The presence of Jojoba seed powder that works as mild abrasive agents and gentle exfoliants is blended in the face scrub to expose the younger layer of skin hidden behind the dead skin cells. It is a perfect addition to your skin care routine to help make your skin free from skin pigmentation.
There are several skin care remedies for pigmentation that can help you diminish dark patches. You just need to incorporate them into your skin care routine. For details on our skin care series for pigmented skin, visit https://www.momandworld.com/category/face-care/pigmented-blemish-prone-skin/
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